What is nanotechnology?

Quite simply, it’s playing small–100 nanometers or less (one nanometer is one billionth of a meter or 25,400,000 nanometers to an inch). And it’s not new.

The term nanotechnology became familiar only in the 1970s and 1980s. But in its most rudimentary form, nanotechnology has been around since the 4th Century, according to the National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI), a federal government nano science, engineering and technology research and development program. Its most revolutionary use, however, has been at the atomic and molecular level.

Though scientists have known about the smallest components of our world–atoms and molecules–for a long time, the microscopes (the scanning tunneling microscopes) capable of viewing nanoparticles came about only 30 years ago. And way before this, engineering and technological manipulation at the atomic level was accidental, such as the changing colors in medieval stained glass windows erupting from alternating gold and silver particles.

Nano history: when science catches up with technology

Scientists have turned up notable trails of nanoparticles, tracing back to the 16th and 17 centuries. Analyzing stained glass from this period, scientists revealed the science behind what medieval artisans stumbled upon by chance.

Medieval Stained Glass Windows: Through alchemy (chemistry’s ancestor), those artisans found gold chloride applied to molten glass produced red tint, while adding silver nitrate produced yellow. Five centuries later, scientists explained the phenomenon through nanoscience: very small gold and silver particles—nanoparticles—acted like quantum dots to reflect those colors.

Goodrich tires: And carbon black, used to reinforce rubber during the Industrial Age, has recently been identified as yet another accident of nanotechnology. Carbon black fortified rubber products so well, BFGoodrich added it to his tires in 1910. Turns out the rubber and carbon nanoparticle interaction turned carbon black into a super rubber, stronger than its native properties.

And finally, in 1773, Benjamin Franklin, seeking the scientific principles behind what ancient seafarer’s already knew—that oil calmed waters—conducted private experiments upon a nearby pond. He concluded that oil and water particles repelled one another, leaving a thin layer of oil on the surface of the water.

Thin film coating technology: Later experiments by his successors confirmed that nanosized mono layers of film on the surface of liquid changed the character of the substance below. The scientific application of nano particulate mono layers led to current thin film coating products, such as the thin films covering camera lenses and telescopes. The thin film, several molecules thick, blocks out reflective light.

Why should we care?

So now that scientists better understand nanoscience and can readily reduce particles to more than a millionth of their original size, the implications for medicine, robotics, engineering, and especially CBD, are mind-boggling.

Waterproof fabrics, for instance, made by infusing cotton with nano fibers or “nano-whiskers,” are extremely water impenetrable and cancer treatments with nanoshells (attach to and kill cancer cells), infrared heat, and, lasers are proving effective in clinical trials. Even oil companies hope to extract more oil using nanoparticles to penetrate deeper into the soil deposits.

What this all means for traditional and alternative medicine is reducing things, especially ingestibles and implants, to nano size allows 100% bioavailability. So, physical devices, like scopes, can be inserted into cells to better see what’s going on. It also means medicines can be absorbed more readily (quickly and efficiently) at the cellular level.

Have a migraine? How about instant relief? The delivery speed of nano-sized therapeutic particles through the body brings quick relief through optimal accessibility and effectiveness.

Nano-enhanced CBD

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CBD is the natural boost to your body’s natural regulatory systems. If it’s nano emulsified—in tincture, spray, lotions or cream, for example—its system optimization will occur almost immediately. Very small CBD molecules hit the body at the cellular level quicker than CBD that isn’t nano emulsified.
 
So that means you’ll feel better—less pain, healing, energized—sooner rather than later. And that’s no small matter.